The Psychoanalytic Movement and its first encounter with National Socialism
The paper reconstructs and critically evaluates the history of the psychoanalytic movement in the years following the Nazi Party’s accession to power in Germany.
The article highlights the first reactions of Sigmund Freud’s closest disciples to the course of political events in Germany and their attempts to salvage the Institute. The Aryanization process to which the Institute was subjected serves as a vantage point for an evaluation of psychoanalysts’ faith in Nazi Germany after its Jewish founders and co-workers had emigrated. Max Eitingon’s role in the migration of the psychoanalytic movement from the German cultural sphere and the repercussions which the encounter with Nazism had on post-Freudian theory are also elaborated.